When working with AJAX and asynchronous JavaScript, it’s common to have elements which are not present in the HTML code (they are created with JavaScript, dynamically). In this case you can use the methods is_element_present and is_text_present to check the existence of an element or text – Splinter will load the HTML and JavaScript in the browser and the check will be performed before processing JavaScript.

There is also the optional argument wait_time (given in seconds) – it’s a timeout: if the verification method gets True it will return the result (even if the wait_time is not over), if it doesn’t get True, the method will wait until the wait_time is over (so it’ll return the result).

Checking the presence of text

The method is_text_present is responsible for checking if a text is present in the page content. It returns True or False.

browser = Browser()
browser.is_text_present('splinter') # True
browser.is_text_present('splinter', wait_time=10) # True, using wait_time
browser.is_text_present('text not present') # False

There’s also a method to check if the text is not present: is_text_not_present. It works the same way but returns True if the text is not present.

browser.is_text_not_present('text not present') # True
browser.is_text_not_present('text not present', wait_time=10) # True, using wait_time
browser.is_text_not_present('splinter') # False

Checking the presence of elements

Splinter provides 6 methods to check the presence of elements in the page, one for each selector type: css, xpath, tag, name, id, value, text. Examples:

browser.is_element_present_by_text('Hello World!')
browser.is_element_present_by_value('query', wait_time=10) # using wait_time

As expected, these methods returns True if the element is present and False if it is not present.

There’s also the negative forms of these methods, as in is_text_present:

browser.is_element_not_present_by_text('Not here :(')
browser.is_element_not_present_by_id('unexisting-header', wait_time=10) # using wait_time

Checking the visibility of elements

Elements have two methods to check visibility.



Unlike an element’s visible attribute, which returns the current visibility status, these methods will poll the browser for a specified number of seconds looking for the desired state.

Both methods:

  • Take an optional wait_time argument. If not specified, the browser’s default wait_time will be used.

  • Return a boolean.

The difference between:

result = not browser.find_by_css('h5').is_visible()


result = browser.find_by_css('h5').is_not_visible()

is when the method will return a value. not element.is_visible() will look for a specified number of seconds for the element to be visible, eventually returning False. element.is_not_visible() will look for a specified number of seconds for the element to not be visible, returning False the moment the condition is met.

As a result, element.is_not_visible() will always be faster than not element.is_visible()